Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Maudith, John

  • Keith Snedegar
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_911

Flourished1309–1343

John Maudith produced astronomical tables in the early fourteenth century. In 1310 he compiled tables for the rising and setting times of stars. Maudith’s tables were essentially Toledan tables recomputed for the Oxford meridian. He drafted a separate catalog of bright stars, epoch 1316, with stellar positions calculated according to  Thebit ibn Qurra’s theory of trepidation.

Very little is known of Maudith’s life. Between 1309 and 1319 he was a fellow of Merton College, Oxford. The Merton Catalogus vetus describes him as a good astronomer and physician. After leaving Oxford, Maudith joined Richard de Bury’s scholarly circle at Durham;  Thomas Bradwardine was one of his colleagues there. Maudith later served John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey and Sussex, probably as a physician. He wrote a Tractatus de doctrina theologica dated to 1343.

Selected References

  1. Emden, A. B. (1957–1959). A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford. Vol. 2, pp. 143–144. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. North, J. D. (1992). “Natural Philosophy in Late Medieval Oxford” and “Astronomy and Mathematics.” In The History of the University of Oxford. Vol. 2, Late Medieval Oxford, edited by J. I. Catto and Ralph Evans, pp. 65–102, 103–174. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Utah Valley State CollegeOremUSA