Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

John of Lignères

  • Paul L. Butzer
Reference work entry

Alternate Names

 Jean de Picard;  Johannes Ambianensis;  Johannes de Lineriis;  Johannes de Lineriis (Ligneriis, Liveriis);  John de Liniéres

BornDiocese of Amiens (Somme), France, circa1290

Flourished: Paris, (France), first half of the thirteenth century


John of Lignères helped to perfect the Latin Alfonsine Tables and is probably the central figure in their dissemination within Latin Christendom.

Except that John of Lignères lived in Paris about 1320–1335, little is known about his life. On account of his many alternate names, his birth place was probably the (hamlet) Lignères (Picardie), lying 37 km Southeast of Amiens (29 km north of Compiègne). His works were often confused among themselves and with those of other contemporary Paris astronomers named John:  John of Muris,  John of Saxony, John of Speyer,  John of Sicily, and  John of Montfort. John of Lignères, a mathematician and astronomer, appears to be the central figure in the dissemination of the Alfonsine...

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Selected References

  1. Borst, Arno (1993). The Ordering of Time: From the Ancient Computus to the Modern Computer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  2. Butzer, Paul L. and D. Lohrmann (eds) (1993). Science in Western and Eastern Civilization in Carolingian Times. Basel: Birkhärser.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Butzer, Paul L., H. Th. Jongen, and W. Oberschelp (eds.) (1998). Charlemagne and His Heritage: 1200 Years of Civilization and Science in Europe. Vol. 2, Mathematical Arts. Turnhout: Brepols.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Comes, Mercè, Roser Puig, and Julio Samsó (eds.) (1987). De Astronomia Alphonsi Regis: Proceedings of the Symposium on Alfonsine Astronomy Held at Berkeley (August 1985) together with Other Papers on the Same Subject. Barcelona: Instituto “Millás Vallicrosa” de Historia de la Ciencia árabe.Google Scholar
  5. Johannes de Lineriis (1900). Canones Tabularum primi mobilis, edited by Maximilian Curtz. In “Urkunden zur Geschichte der Trigonometrie im christlichen Mitttelalter.” Bibliotheca Mathematica, 3rd ser., 1: 321–416, see pp. 390–413.Google Scholar
  6. Johannes de Saxonia (1984). In tabulas Alfontii canones. In Les tables Alphonsine avec les canons de Jean de Saxe, edited by E. Poulle. Paris: Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, CNRS.Google Scholar
  7. Kunitzsch, Paul (1986). “The Star Catalogue Commonly Appended to the Alfonsine Tables.” Journal for the History of Astronomy 17: 89–98.ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. North, John D. (1989). “The Alphonsine Tables in England.” In Stars, Minds and Fate: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Cosmology, edited by John D. North, pp. 327–359. London: Hambledon Press.Google Scholar
  9. Poulle, Emmanuel (1988). “The Alfonsine Tables of Alfonso X of Castille.” Journal for the History of Astronomy 19: 97–113.ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Rico y Sinobas, Manuel (1863). Libros del saber de astronomía del rey D. Alfonso X de Castille. Vol. 1, pp. 7–142. Madrid.Google Scholar
  11. Saby-Rousset, Marie-Madeleine (1987). “Les Canons de Jean de Lignères sur les tables astronomiques de 1321: Critique, traduction et étude.” Thesis, École nationale de Chartres.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RWTH AachenAachenGermany