Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Jai Singh II

  • S. M. Razaullah Ansari
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_711

BornAmber (Rajasthan, India), 3 November 1688

DiedJaipur (Rajasthan, India), 2 October 1743

Rājā Sawāʾi Jai Singh II built the largest and fairly accurate masonry astronomical instruments ever constructed in India; he was also influential in introducing early modern European astronomical sciences to the Indian subcontinent. Sawāʾi Jai Singh belonged to the Kachhwāha Rājpūt family, which ruled the state of Amber (located 7 miles northeast of the modern city of Jaipur). After the death of his father, Bhishan Singh, Sawāʾi Jai Singh ascended the throne in 1700, when he was bestowed the title of Rājā by the then Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (reigned: 1658–1707). Unofficially, the title Sawāʾi was awarded when 8-year-old Jai Singh had the privilege of the first audience with Emperor Aurangzeb. He was officially proclaimed Sawāʾi in 1713 at the start of the reign of emperor Farrukh Siyar (reigned: 1713–1719).

Following the Rājpūt family tradition, Sawāʾi Jai Singh learned several languages...

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Selected References

  1. Ansari, S. M. Razaullah (1985a). “Introduction of Modern Western Astronomy in India during the 18th–19th Centuries.” In History of Astronomy in India, edited by S. N. Sen and Kripa Shankar Shukla, pp. 363–402. New Delhi: Indian National Science Academy.Google Scholar
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  3. — (1995). “On the Transmission of Arabic-Islamic Astronomy to Medieval India.” Archives internationales d’histoire des sciences 45: 273–297.Google Scholar
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  7. Bhatnagar, V. S. (1974). Life and Times of Sawai Jai Singh (1688–1743). Delhi: Impex India.Google Scholar
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  10. Forbes, Eric G. (1982). “The European Astronomical Tradition: Its Transmission into India, and Its Reception by Sawai Jai Singh II.” Indian Journal of History of Science 17, no. 2: 234–243.ADSMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
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  12. Kaye, George Rusby (1918). The Astronomical Observatories of Jai Singh. Calcutta: Archaeological Survey of India. (Reprinted, 1973, 1982).Google Scholar
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  17. Pingree, David (2002a). “Philippe de La Hire at the Court of Jayasimha” In Ansari, S. M. R. (ed.) History of Oriental Astronomy. Dordrecht: Kluwer, pp. 123–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  19. Sarma, S. R. (1986–1987). “Yantraprakāra of Sawai Jai Singh.” Supplement to Studies in History of Medicine and Science 10–11: 1–140.Google Scholar
  20. Sharma, Virendra Nath (1995). Sawai Jai Singh and His Astronomy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.Google Scholar
  21. Volwahsen, Andreas (2001). Cosmic Architecture in India: The Astronomical Monuments of Maharaja Jai Singh II. Munich: Prestel.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Razaullah Ansari
    • 1
  1. 1.Formerly at Physics DepartmentAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia