Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Hartwig, Carl Ernst Albrecht

  • Kunitomi Sakurai
Reference work entry

BornFrankfurt am Main (Germany), 14 January 1851

DiedBamberg, Bavaria, Germany, 3 May 1923

Ernst Hartwig directed the Bamberg Observatory, independently discovered the supernova S Andromedae (SN 1885A), and was coauthor of a leading sourcebook on variable stars. Hartwig graduated from the Melanchthon Gymnasium in Nuremberg. Afterward, he studied astronomy, physics, and mathematics at four European universities. From 1874 to 1880, he was an assistant at the University of Strasbourg Observatory. For the next 2 years, Hartwig examined various observatories throughout continental Europe. In 1882, he led an expedition to Argentina to observe the transit of Venus across the Sun.

After 2 additional years spent at the University of Dorpat (in modern Estonia), Hartwig was appointed director of the observatory at Bamberg (1886). There, he had a large heliometer constructed to aid his research on the diameters of the planets and the Moon’s physical libration. Hartwig became an enthusiastic...

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Selected References

  1. Burnham, Robert, Jr. (1978). Burnham’s Celestial Handbook: An Observer’s Guide to the Universe Beyond the Solar System. Vol. 1, Andromeda-Cetus. New York: Dover, esp. pp. 143–146. (On S Andromedae.)Google Scholar
  2. Ferrari d’Occhieppo, Konradin (1972). “Hartwig, (Carl) Ernst (Albrecht).” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 6, pp. 149–150. New York: Charles Scribner’s SonsGoogle Scholar
  3. Hoffmeister, Cuno (1923). “Todesanzeig: Carl Ernst Albrecht Hartwig.” Astronomische Nachrichten 219: 185–188.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Müller, Gustav and Ernst Hartwig (1918). Geschichte und Literatur des Lichtwechsels der bis Ende 1915 als sicher veränderlichen anerkannten Sterne. Leipzig: in Kommission bei Poeschel und Trepte.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kanagawa UniversityYokohamaJapan