Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Esclangon, Ernest Benjamin

Reference work entry

BornMison, Alpes-de Haute-Provence, France, 17 March 1876

DiedEyrenville, Dordogne, France, 28 January 1954

Ernest Esclangon is often remembered for his contributions to applied physics during World War I and for his automated distribution of time signals by telephone.

Esclangon began his studies in a collège (school) in Manosque, his brother being a schoolmaster. He later attended the lycée (academy) in Nice before entering the École Normale Supérieure in Paris (1895). He received his degree in mathematics and secured a position at the Bordeaux Observatory in 1899 under Georges Rayet, which decided the fate of his career. There, Esclangon served as aide-astronome and astronom-adjoint. While in Bordeaux, he taught courses in rational mechanics as well as in differential calculus.

In 1919, Esclangon became director of the Strasbourg Observatory. With help from André Danjon, he revived the institution in the postwar period. Esclangon then succeeded Henri Deslandresas director of the...

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Selected Reference

  1. Danjon, A. (1955). “Ernest Esclangon.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 115: 124.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ParisFrance