Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Bobrovnikoff, Nicholas Theodore

  • Jordan D. MarchéII
Reference work entry

BornMarkova, Russia, 29 April 1896

DiedBerkeley, California, USA, 21 March 1988

Cometary spectroscopist Nicholas Bobrovnikoff, the son of Theodore Basil and Helena (née Gavriloff) Bobrovnikoff, graduated from the Kharkov Gymnasium in 1914. As a youth, he had witnessed the appearance of comet 1P/Halley in 1910.

Although wishing to become an astronomer, Bobrovnikoff enrolled as a student (1914–1917) at the Institute of Mining Engineers in Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg), and later studied at the University of Kharkov. He became a junior officer in the Russian Army and joined the White (anti-Bolshevik) Army in 1918. Severely wounded, recovered, and later ill with typhus, Bobrovnikoff was evacuated to Cyprus in 1920. After recuperating, he made his way to Prague, where he won a scholarship to Charles University (now the University of Prague), and resumed his studies of physics, mathematics, and astronomy, graduating in 1924.

Through the efforts of Yerkes Observatory director  Edwin Frost,...

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Selected References

  1. Bobrovnikoff, Nicholas T. (1931). “Halley’s Comet and Its Apparition of 1909–1911.” Publications of the Lick Observatory 17, pt. 2: 309–482.Google Scholar
  2. Osterbrock, Donald E. (1986). “Nicholas T. Bobrovnikoff and the Scientific Study of Comet Halley 1910.” Mercury 15, no. 2: 46–50, 63.ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. — (1997). Yerkes Observatory, 18921950:The Birth, Near Death, and Resurrection of a Scientific Research Institution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, esp. pp. 73, 144–150.Google Scholar
  4. Osterbrock, Donald E., John R. Gustafson, and W. J. Shiloh Unruh (1988). Eye on the Sky: Lick Observatorys First Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, esp. pp. 210–212.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jordan D. MarchéII
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WisconsinMadisonUSA