Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Bethe, Hans Albrecht

  • Edward Baron
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_145

BornStrasbourg, France, 2 July 1906

DiedIthaca, New York, USA, 6 March 2005

German-American theoretical physicist and astrophysicist Hans A. Bethe received the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physics for his 1939 work that clarified the sequences of nuclear reactions that provided the energy sources for the Sun and other stars engaged in hydrogen fusion (the vast majority of stars). His later significant contributions to astrophysics included providing arguments for a solution to the solar-neutrino problem drawn from weak interaction physics (rather than the details of solar models) and for work on the explosion mechanism of core-collapse supernovae.

Bethe’s father was a physiologist and his mother a musician and writer of children’s plays. The family moved to Kiel, Germany, in 1912 and to Frankfurt in 1915. He graduated from the Goethe Gymnasium in 1924 and spent 1924–1926 at the University of Frankfurt, before moving on to the University of Munich where he received a Ph.D. in 1928 for work with...

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Selected References

  1. Bethe, Hans A., et al., (1989). From a Life in Physics. Singapore: World Scientific.Google Scholar
  2. Bethe, Hans A., R. E. Marshak, and J. W. Blaker (eds.) (1996). Perspectives in Modern Physics,Essays in Honor. New York: Wiley Interscience.Google Scholar
  3. Bethe, Hans A. (1996). Selected Works of Hans A. Bethe with Commentary,World Scientific Series in 20th Century Physics, Vol. 18. Singapore: World Scientific.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA