Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Plana, Giovanni Antonio Amedeo

Reference work entry

BornVoghera, (Lombardy, Italy), 6 November 1781

DiedTurin, Italy, 20 January 1864

Mathematical physicist and astronomer Giovanni Plana wrote more than 100 memoirs dealing with mathematical analysis, geodesy, astronomy, celestial mechanics, and heat theory, including his most important work, the theory of the lunar movements. Plana was the son of Antonio Maria Plana and Giovanna Giacoboni. From 1796, Plana studied in Grenoble, France, where he met and befriended Stendhal (Henry Beyle). In 1800, Plana entered the École Polytechnique where  Joseph Lagrange taught analysis and mechanics, Gaspard Monge taught geometry, and  Pierre de Laplace taught astronomy. He also became friend with  Siméon-Denis Poisson. In 1803, Plana became professor of mathematics at the Turin Artillery School, located in Alessandria, and became professor of astronomy at Turin University in 1811. Before assuming the responsibilities of his chair, Plana practiced astronomy at the Brera Astronomical Observatory in...

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Selected References

  1. Agostinelli, Cataldo (1964–1965). “Della vita e delle opere di Giovanni Plana.” Atti dell’Accademia delle Scienze di Torino 99: 1177–1199.MATHGoogle Scholar
  2. De Béaumont, élie (1873). “éloge historique de Jean Plana.” Mémoires de l’Académie des Sciences de l’Institut de France 38: CVII-CLXXV.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Leschiutta, Sigfrido and Maria Rolando Leschiutta (1992). “Giovanni Antonio Amedeo Plana, astronomo reale.” Giornale di fisica 33: 111–125.Google Scholar
  4. Maquet, Albert (1965). “L’astronome royal de Turin Giovanni Plana (1781–1864).” Mémoires de l’Académie des Sciences 36: 2–253.MATHGoogle Scholar
  5. Plana, Giovanni (1832). Théorie du Mouvement de la Lune. Turin: Imprimerie Royale 3:794–865.ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Realis, Savino (1886). “Plana.” Bullettino di bibliografia e di storia delle scienze, matematiche e fisiche 19: 121–128.Google Scholar
  7. Sclopis, Federico (1842). “Della vita di Giovanni Plana.” Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino 22: 51–63.Google Scholar
  8. Tagliaferri, Guido and Pasquale Tucci (1999). “Carlini and Plana on the Theory of the Moon and Their Dispute with Laplace.” Annals of Science 56: 221–269.MathSciNetMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Tricomi, Francesco Giacomo (1964–1965). “Giovanni Plana (1781–1864).” Atti dell’Accademia delle Scienze di Torino 99: 267–279.MATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Culturali e Ambientali & Museo Astronomico-Orto Botanico di BreraMilanoItaly