Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Palisa, Johann

  • Anneliese Schnell
Reference work entry

BornTroppau, (Opava, Cech Republic), 6 December 1848

DiedVienna, Austria, 2 May 1925

Johann Palisa was an excellent astronomical observer, discovering many minor planets whose orbits he helped to determine. He came from a poor family; his father dealt in salt. Palisa married twice. Two of his daughters married astronomers, Erna to Friedrich Bidschof, astronomer in Vienna and Trieste, and Hedwig to Joseph Rheden, a keen observer and collaborator of Palisa’s. Palisa’s mathematical abilities appeared quite early; after finishing school in Troppau, he began to study mathematics and astronomy at the University of Vienna in 1866. The astronomers of the old Vienna Observatory ( Karl von Littrow,  Edmund Weiss, and  Theodor Ritter von Oppolzer) enabled him to earn some money doing observational and computational work. In 1870, after completing his military service, Palisa received a position at the observatory, located in the center of town, measuring positions of stars and planets with a...

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Selected References

  1. Albrecht, Rudolf, Hans-Michael Maitzen, and Anneliese Schnell (2001). “Early Asteroid Research in Austria.” Planetary and Space Science 49: 777–779.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashbrook, Joseph (1978) “An Elusive Asteroid: 719 Albert.” Sky & Telescope 56, no. 2: 99–100.ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Oppenheim, Samuel and Joseph Rheden (1925). “Johann Palisa.” Vierteljahresschrift der Astronomischen Gesellschaft 60: 187–197.Google Scholar
  4. Palisa, Johann (1874). “Entdeckung eines Planeten.” Astronomische Nachrichten 83: 207–208.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. — (1874). “Jahresbericht der Sternwarte Pola.” Vierteljahresschrift der Astronomischen Gesellschaft: 227–240.Google Scholar
  6. — (1884). “Bericht über die während der totalen Sonnenfinsternis vom 6. Mai 1883 erhaltenen Beobachtungen.” Sitzungsberichte de Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 88: 1018–1031.Google Scholar
  7. — (1902). “Stern-Lexikon.” Annalen der Universitäts-Sternwarte in Wien 17.Google Scholar
  8. Palisa, Johann and Friedrich Bidschof (1899). “Katalog von 1238 Sternen.” Denkschriften der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 67.Google Scholar
  9. Palisa, Johann and Johann Holetschek (1908). “Katalog von 3464 Sternen.” Annalen der Universitäts-Sternwarte in Wien 19.Google Scholar
  10. Schmadel, Lutz D. (1991). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names. 4th ed. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anneliese Schnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AstrophysicsUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria