Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Nušl, František

  • Jan Vondrák
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_1024

BornJindřichův Hradec, Czech Republic, 3 December 1867

DiedPrague, Czech Republic, 17 September 1951

František Nušl was one of the founders of modern Czech astronomy. He was the son of Ignác Nušl and Františka Nušlová (née Novotna) and was educated at the Czech Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague (bachelor of philosophy 1905). He and his wife Aloisie (née Doležalová) had two sons and a daughter. Nušl taught mathematics and physics at a high school before receiving his Ph.D. and was appointed an associate professor of mathematics at the Czech Technical University, Prague (full professor: 1911). He was director of the National Astronomical Observatory in Prague from 1918 and professor of astronomy at Charles University until his retirement in 1937. Nušl served as president of the Czechoslovak Astronomical Society (1922–1948) and vice president of the International Astronomical Union (1928–1935).

Nušl’s work was largely in practical astronomy and construction of astrometric...

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Selected References

  1. Nušl, F. (1907). “Über allgemeine Differenzformeln der sphärischen Aberration.” Bulletin international de l'Académie des sciences de BohèmeGoogle Scholar
  2. — (1909). “Einige Bemerkungen zu der Abbeschen Theorie der optischen Abbildung.” Sitzungsberichte der Königlich-Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften.Google Scholar
  3. — (1909). “Kritische Übersicht der Triangulierungen der Umgebung von Prag.” Sitzungsberichte der Königlich-Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften.Google Scholar
  4. — (1929). “Micromètre impersonnel de l'appareil circumzénithal.” Rozpravy II. třídy České Akademie 38, č.14a. Prague.Google Scholar
  5. Nušl, F. and J. J. Frič (1902). “Note sur deux appareils sans niveaux pour la détermination de l'heure et de la latitude.” Bulletin astronomique 19: 261–274.Google Scholar
  6. — (1903). “Étude sur l'appareil circumzénithal.” Bulletin international de l'Académie des sciences de Bohême.Google Scholar
  7. — (1904). “Mitteilung über das Diazenital.” Astronomische Nachrichten 166: 225–228.Google Scholar
  8. — (1906). “Deuxième étude sur l'appareil circumzénithal.” Bulletin international de l'Académie des sciences de Bohème.Google Scholar
  9. — (1908). “Première étude sur les anomalies de réfraction.” Bulletin international de l'Académie des sciences de Bohème.Google Scholar
  10. — (1925). “Troisième étude sur l'appareil circumzénithal.” Publications de l'Observatoire national de Prague, nos. 1 and 2.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Astronomical InstitutePragueCzech Republic