Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo

Rushton, William A. H.

  • Stephen Westland
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_345

William Albert Hugh Rushton was a British physiologist who made important contributions to our understanding of color vision and perception. He is perhaps best known now for his development of the principle of univariance.

Rushton was born in London on 8 December 1901. He entered Cambridge University as a medical student in 1921 and obtained a degree in physiology in 1925. He received a PhD degree in 1928 working under Prof. E.D. Adrian for his research investigating the flow of current in and around nerves to determine the portion of the current responsible for excitation. As a result of this work he won the Stokes Studentship at Pembroke College in 1929. He spent 2 years at the Johnson Foundation in Philadelphia before returning to a Research Fellowship at Cambridge University. He went to University College Hospital in 1931 to study clinical medicine before obtaining a Lectureship at Cambridge University in 1935 after which he produced a prodigious body of work; he published 37...

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  1. 1.
    Rushton, W.A.H.: The time factor in electrical excitation. Biol. Rev. 10, 1–17 (1935)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rushton, W.A.H.: A theory of excitation. J. Physiol. Lond. 84, 42P (1935)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Campbell, F.W., Rushton, W.A.H.: The measurement of rhodopsin in the human eye. J. Physiol. Lond. 126, 36P–37P (1954)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Campbell, F.W., Rushton, W.A.H.: Measurement of scotopic pigment in the living human eye. J. Physiol. Lond. 130, 131–147 (1955)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rushton, W.A.H.: The difference spectrum and the photosensitivity of rhodopsin in the living human eye. J. Physiol. Lond. 134, 11–29 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rushton, W.A.H.: A cone pigment in the protonope. J. Physiol. Lond. 168, 345–359 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rushton, W.A.H.: A foveal pigment in the deuteranope. J. Physiol. Lond. 176, 24–37 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baker, H.D., Rushton, W.A.H.: An analytical anomaloscope. J. Physiol. Lond.168, 31P–33P (1963)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rushton, W.A.H.: Pigments and signals in colour vision (Review Lecture). J. Physiol. Lond. 220, 1P–31P (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Barlow, H.B.: William Rushton. 8 December 1901–21 June 1980. Biograph. Mem. Fellows R. Soc. 32, 422–426 (1986)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Colour Science and TechnologyUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK