Extreme Environmental Events

2011 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers (Editor-in-Chief)

Pedestrian, Crowd and Evacuation Dynamics

  • Dirk Helbing
  • Anders Johansson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7695-6_37

Article Outline


Definition of the Subject


Pedestrian Dynamics

Crowd Dynamics

Evacuation Dynamics

Future Directions




Pedestrian Flow Social Force Model Stripe Formation Crowd Motion Extreme Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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The authors are grateful for partial financial support by the German Research Foundation (research projects He 2789/7-1, 8-1) and by the “Cooperative Center for Communication Networks Data Analysis”, a NAP project sponsored by the Hungarian National Office of Research and Technology under grant No. KCKHA005.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Helbing
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anders Johansson
    • 1
  1. 1.ETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute for Advanced StudyCollegium BudapestBudapestHungary