Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Polymers

pp 747-747

Thermosetting Elastomer

  • Jan W. GoochAffiliated with

n A large class of polymers that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice their original length and, after having been stretched and the stress removed, return with force to approximately their original length in a short time. To attain this elastic property the rubbers must be crosslinked or vulcanized, usually by heating in the presence of various crosslinking agents and catalysts. There are natural and synthetic rubbers. The most important synthetic rubber families are olefinic rubbers, dienic rubbers (nitrile, butadiene, neoprene), silicone rubbers, and urethane rubbers. Used often as impact modifiers/fillers in plastics.

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