Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security

2011 Edition
| Editors: Henk C. A. van Tilborg, Sushil Jajodia

Biometric Technologies and Security – International Biometric Standards Development Activities

  • Fernando L. Podio
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5906-5_736

Related Concepts


For any given technology, industry standards assure the availability in the marketplace of multiple sources for compatible products. In addition to benefiting end users, system developers, and private industry, standards also benefit other customers such as the standards bodies that are developing related standards.


Biometric technologies establish or verify the personal identity of previously enrolled individuals based on biological or behavioural characteristics (i.e., ascertaining what you are). Examples of biological characteristics are hand, finger, facial, and iris. Behavioural characteristics are traits that are learned or acquired, such as dynamic signature verification and keystroke dynamics. Using biometric technologies for identifying human beings offers some unique advantages, as they are the only technologies that can really identify an individual or verify...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    World Biometric Market Report (N093-11), Frost and Sullivan, March 2007; International Biometric Industry Association, October 2008; Biometrics Market and Industry Report 2009–2014, International Biometric Group, October 2008Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Frost and Sullivan, July 2008Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    International Biometric Industry Association, 2008Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    JTC 1 Long-Term Business Plan, ISO/IEC JTC 1 N9475 October 2009Google Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    http://isotc.iso.org/livelink/livelink/open/jtc1 - select ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 37 “Biometrics”
  7. 7.
    ITU-T Web site: http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/
  8. 8.
    International Standards Organization e-store Web site: http://www.iso.org/iso/store.htm
  9. 9.
    Biometrics Deployment of EU-Passports. The European Union password specification working document (EN) – June 28, 2006Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Council Regulation (EC) No 2252/2004 of 13 December 2004 on standards for security features and biometrics in passports and travel documents issued by Member States. Official Journal of the European Union, L 385/1Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Biometrics Deployment of Machine Readable Travel Documents. ICAO NTWG, Technical Report, Version 2.0, May 5, 2004Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Communication from Dr. Angel L. Puebla, president of AEN CTN71/SC37 (Spanish Subcommittee of Biometric Identification), Economic and Technical Coordination Division of the Spanish Main Directorate of the Police and the Civil Guard, July 2007Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Registry of USG Recommended Biometric Standards, Version 1.0, June 2008, and Version 2.0, August 2009. Subcommittee of Biometrics and Identity Management, Office of Science and Technology Policy, National Science and Technology Council, http://www.biometrics.gov/Standards/Default.aspx

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando L. Podio
    • 1
  1. 1.ITL Computer Security Division/Systems and Emerging Technologies Security Research GroupNational Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)GaithersburgUSA