Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_212

Discrimination and Immigrant Mental Health

Discrimination is a social behavior whereby one particular group of people is treated less favorably than others because of their race, color, nationality, or ethnic or national origin. Most countries recognize two kinds of racial discrimination: direct and indirect. Direct discrimination occurs when race, color, nationality or ethnic or national origin is used as an explicit reason for discriminating. Indirect discrimination occurs when rules, regulations, or procedures operating have the effect of discriminating against certain groups of people. Discrimination is not only common in the developed countries in North America and Europe but also in post-slavery and postcolonial countries where legacies of discrimination have been institutionalized.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” The Ottawa Charter for Health...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Department for Education and Employment News. (1997). Minority ethnic pupils in maintained schools by local education authority area in England, January 1997 (Provisional), 342/97.Google Scholar
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Suggested Resources

  1. MIND. (2010). Mental health of African Caribbean community in Britain. http://www.mind.org.uk/help/people_groups_and communities/mental health_of_the_afri. Accessed April 27, 2010.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management StudiesUniversity of the West IndiesMonaJamaica
  2. 2.Caribbean Institute of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (CARIMENSA)University of the West IndiesMonaJamaica