Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

2013 Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Milieu Teaching

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_1679
  • 410 Downloads

Definition

Milieu teaching (Hart & Risley, 1975) includes a group of procedures, derived from the behaviorist tradition, that were developed to teach language skills to children by embedding learning opportunities within the child’s everyday (i.e., natural) environment and by taking advantage of a child’s interest in and motivation to gain access to materials. According to Goldstein (2002), incidental teaching represents the key component of milieu teaching. Incidental teaching episodes begin with spontaneous child-initiated communication acts as the child attempts to gain access to preferred materials, objects, or events within the natural environment. These child communication acts serve the pragmatic function of requesting (or manding). In addition to incidental teaching, two other well-known milieu language teaching procedures (described below) are mand model and time delay.

Because they are embedded in the natural environment, milieu language teaching procedures are often taught...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2006).Guidelines for Speech-Language Pathologists in Diagnosis, Assessment, and Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders Across the Life Span [Guidelines]. Available from www.asha.org/policy
  2. Gilbert, K. (2008). Milieu communication training for late talkers. Perspectives on Language Learning and Education, 15, 112–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hart, B. M., & Risley, T. R. (1975). Incidental teaching of language in the preschool. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8, 411–420.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hart, B., & Risley, T. R. (1980). In vivo language intervention: Unanticipated general effects. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 407–432.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hart, B., & Rogers-Warren, A. (1978). A milieu approach to teaching language. In R. Schiefelbusch (Ed.), Language intervention strategies (pp. 193–235). Baltimore, MD: University Park Press.Google Scholar
  6. Hemmeter, M. L., & Kaiser, A. P. (1994). Enhanced milieu teaching: Effects of parent-implemented language intervention. Journal of Early Intervention, 18, 269–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kaiser, A. P. (1993). Parent-implemented language intervention: An environmental perspective. In A. P. Kaiser & D. B. Gray (Eds.), Enhancing children’s communication: Research foundations for intervention (pp. 63–84). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
  8. Kaiser, A. P., Hancock, T. B., & Nietfeld, J. P. (2000). The effects of parent-implemented enhanced milieu teaching on the social communication of children who have autism. Early Education & Development, 11, 423–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaiser, A., & Trent, A. (2007). Communication intervention for young children with disabilities: Naturalistic approaches to promoting development. In S. Odom, R. Horner, M. Snell, & J. Blacher (Eds.), Handbook of developmental disabilities (pp. 224–246). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  10. Kaiser, A. P., Yoder, P. J., & Keetz, A. (1992). Evaluating milieu teaching. In S. F. Warren & J. Reichle (Eds.), Causes and effects in communication and language intervention (pp. 9–47). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
  11. Warren, S. F., & Gazdag, G. (1990). Facilitating early language development with milieu intervention procedures. Journal of Early Intervention, 14, 62–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Warren, S. F., & Kaiser, A. P. (1986). Incidental language teaching: A critical review. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 51, 291–299.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Yoder, P. J., Warren, S. F., Kim, K., & Gazdag, G. E. (1994). Facilitating prelinguistic communication skills in young children with developmental delay II: Systematic replication and extension. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 37, 841–851.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.M.I.N.D. InstituteSacramentoUSA