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Milieu teaching (Hart & Risley, 1975) includes a group of procedures, derived from the behaviorist tradition, that were developed to teach language skills to children by embedding learning opportunities within the child’s everyday (i.e., natural) environment and by taking advantage of a child’s interest in and motivation to gain access to materials. According to Goldstein (2002), incidental teaching represents the key component of milieu teaching. Incidental teaching episodes begin with spontaneous child-initiated communication acts as the child attempts to gain access to preferred materials, objects, or events within the natural environment. These child communication acts serve the pragmatic function of requesting (or manding). In addition to incidental teaching, two other well-known milieu language teaching procedures (described below) are mand model and time delay.
Because they are embedded in the natural environment, milieu language teaching procedures are often taught...
References and Readings
- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2006).Guidelines for Speech-Language Pathologists in Diagnosis, Assessment, and Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders Across the Life Span [Guidelines]. Available from www.asha.org/policy
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