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Mands

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Synonyms

Command; Demand; Request

Definition

Mands are verbal acts that are reinforced by a specified consequence (Skinner, 1957). This term was introduced by B. F. Skinner and refers to a specific type of verbal action within an operant conditioning framework designed to analyze the functions of verbal behavior. Mands are considered to be the first type of verbal behavior that individuals typically acquire (Sundberg & Michael, 2001). As part of a verbal behavior training intervention, mands commonly take the form of requests for items, information, or removal of aversive stimuli (Sundberg & Michael). For example, if an individual who wants a cookie says “Cookie, please” and is then given a cookie, the individual’s statement (i.e., “Cookie, please”) would be considered a mand.

See Also

Applied Behavior Analysis

Mand Fluency Training

Operant Conditioning

Skinnerian Categories of Verbal Behavior

Verbal Behavior Interventions

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_1676
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References and Readings

  • Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc.

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  • Sundberg, M. L., & Michael, J. (2001). The benefits of Skinner’s analysis of verbal behavior for children with autism. Behavior Modification, 25, 698–724.

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Correspondence to Corey Ray-Subramanian .

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© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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Ray-Subramanian, C. (2013). Mands. In: Volkmar, F.R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_1676

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