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Learning is a lifelong process and both individuals and organizations are concerned with evidence for what makes “good learning.” Evidence-based learning describes a class of approaches, processes, and strategies that have been empirically demonstrated to produce learning outcomes. This definition subsumes another possible definition – that of “evidence that learning has occurred” – which assumes that learning can be measured. For the purposes of this volume, learning involves those effortful strategies undertaken by students to meet the requirements of their enrollment in a formal educational institution, with a formal end-point being graduation from that institution with a specific qualification. In this context, students are learners; instructors, teachers and educators are those professionals who facilitate students’ learning; and learning outcomes (such as knowledge, skills and professional dispositions) are the products of learning....
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