Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Drill and Practice in Learning (and Beyond)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_706

Synonyms

Definition

The term drill and practice is defined as a method of instruction characterized by systematic repetition of concepts, examples, and practice problems. Drill and practice is a disciplined and repetitious exercise, used as a mean of teaching and perfecting a skill or procedure. As an instructional strategy, it promotes the acquisition of knowledge or skill through systematic training by multiple repetitions, rehearse, practice, and engages in a rehearsal in order to learn or become proficient. Similar to memorization, drill and practice involves repetition of specific skills, such as spelling or multiplication. To develop or maintain one’s specific skills, the subskills built through drill and practice should become the building blocks for more meaningful learning.

Theoretical Background

The history of drill and practice can be dated back to the 1940s when educational...

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References

  1. Delazer, M., Domahs, F., Bartha, L., Brenneis, C., Locky, A., & Trieb, T. (2004). The acquisition of arithmetic knowledge – an fMRI study. Cortex, 40, 166–167.Google Scholar
  2. Li, Shiqi. (2006). Practice makes perfect: A key belief in China. In F. K. S. Leung, K.-D. Graf, & F. J. Lopez-Real (Eds.), Mathematics education in different cultural traditions – A comparative study of East Asia and the West (The 13th ICMI Study, Vol. 9, pp. 129–138).Google Scholar
  3. Merrill, P. F., & Salisbury, D. (1984). Research on drill and practice strategies. Journal of Computer Based Instruction, 11(1), 19–21.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Educational StudiesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaMindenMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mathematical SciencesUniversiti Teknologi MARA MalaysiaMerbokMalaysia