Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Cross-Linguistic Influence and Transfer of Learning

  • Mark A. JamesEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_702



Cross-linguistic influence(CLI) is typically defined as the influence that knowledge of one language has on an individual’s learning or use of another language. This influence can involve various aspects of language. For example, for a native speaker of Spanish who is learning English, CLI may lead to Spanish-sounding pronunciation when speaking English (e.g., pronouncing “zoo” like “soo”), Spanish word or sentence order when writing in English (e.g., writing “The car red is mine,” instead of “The red car is mine”), or comprehension of Spanish words that look or sound similar to English words (e.g., “turista” = “tourist”). CLI is related to transfer of learning: Transfer of learning involves the application of knowledge in novel situations, and CLI can be seen as one specific type of transfer of learning restricted to language-related knowledge being applied in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EnglishArizona State UniversityTempeUSA