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Cueing has many different definitions in many different contexts. Here, we limit our definition to the context of memory retrieval. Cueing is achieved via prompts or cues, which include anything that is connected in some way to to-be-remembered (target) information in long-term memory and which prompt retrieval of it. Cuing can occur for target information in episodic memory (memory for events in the personal past that occurred in a particular time and place) or semantic memory (memory for generic conceptual information that is context free). Cues for either type of memory can be quite varied. For example, cues for the target TIGER might be external stimuli, such as semantically or associatively related words (e.g., lion), incomplete sentences (e.g., A ____ has stripes), incomplete pictures (e.g., a line drawing of the outline of a tiger), or letters within a word (e.g., TI___). Cues can also be internal. For example, in an attempt to cue...
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