Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Cued Recall

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_694
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Synonyms

Definition

Cued recall refers to retrieving information from long-term memory using aids or cues. Cues can be external stimuli, such as words, sentences, incomplete pictures, letters within a word, and so on, as long as they have some kind of connection to the to-be-remembered (target) information. That connection might be a semantic or associative relationship, temporal co-occurrence of a cue and target, or the cue could actually be the target presented in an incomplete form. For example, recall of the target TIGER might be cued with lion, A ____ has stripes, an incomplete drawing of a tiger, or TI___. Cues can also be internal. For example, people may be asked to think about what they were thinking about, their mood, or the spatio-temporal context at the time that they encountered a target in an attempt to cue retrieval of it. Cued recall is often contrasted to free recall, which mainly refers to the process of retrieving information from...

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References

  1. Bahrick, H. P. (1970). Two-phase model for prompted recall. Psychological Review, 77, 215–222.Google Scholar
  2. Higham, P. A., & Tam, H. (2005). Generation failure: Estimating metacognition in cued recall. Journal of Memory and Language, 52, 595–617.Google Scholar
  3. Nelson, T. O., & Dunlosky, J. (1991). When people’s judgments of learning (JOLs) are extremely accurate at predicting subsequent recall: The “delayed-JOL effect”. Psychological Science, 2, 267–270.Google Scholar
  4. Reffel, J. A. (1998). Cued vs. free recall in long-term memory of the fifty United States. Current Psychology, 16, 308–315.Google Scholar
  5. Tulving, E., & Thomson, D. M. (1973). Encoding specificity and retrieval processes in episodic memory. Psychological Review, 80, 352–373.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK