Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

pp 1672-1675

Jungian Learning Styles

  • Alastair SharpAffiliated withDepartment of English, Lingnan University Email author 


Cognitive styles; Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI); Personality traits


The phrase “Jungian learning styles” refers to the work of Carl Jung (1875–1961) on personality typing and its relationship to individual learning styles or preferences. Jung was a Gestalt personality theorist and a contemporary of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) who believed in the relative permanence of personality features throughout an individual’s life. His study of personality types was a strong influence on the development of Multitrait models of personality, exemplified in inventories such as the “Five Factor Model” (FFM), “Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire” (16PF), the “Eysenck Personality Questionnaire” (EPQ), the “Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory” (MMPI), and the “Myers–Briggs Type Indicator” (MBTI). All these instruments use sophisticated statistical measures to reduce hundreds of traits to basic descriptors. Jung’s typology offers three tiers of personali ...

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