Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_271



Phenomenography is an empirical research tradition that was designed to answer questions about teaching and learning, particularly in the context of educational research. The aim of a phenomenographic study is to identify the different ways in which a group of people experience, interpret, understand, perceive or conceptualize a certain phenomenon or aspect of reality – and to do so from the perspectives of the members of the group. From its Greek etymological roots (phainomenon, meaning “appearance,” and graphein, meaning “description”), phenomenography is, literally, a “description of appearances.”

Theoretical Background

Focus. The central aim of a phenomenographic study is to identify the different ways in which people experience, interpret, understand, perceive, or conceptualize a certain phenomenon. According to Ference Marton (1986, 1994), one of the original developers of phenomenography, there are a limited number of qualitatively...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Nevada, Las VegasLas VegasUSA