Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Generative Learning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_171

Synonyms

Definition

Generative learning is a theory that involves the active integration of new ideas with the learner’s existing schemata. The main idea of generative learning is that, in order to learn with understanding, a learner has to construct meaning actively (Osborne and Wittrock 1983, p. 493). According to Wittrock, the main advocate of generative learning, learners construct meaning by actively building relationships between stimuli and their stored information such as knowledge and their experiences (Wittrock 1990, p. 349). This construction of “semantic and distinctive idiosyncratic associations between stimuli and stored information” (Wittrock 1974, p. 89) is called generation. Generative learning is, therefore, the process of constructing meaning through generating relationships and associations between stimuli and existing knowledge, beliefs, and experiences.

Theoretical Background

The basic assumption of the concept of generative...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Atkinson, R. C., & Shiffrin, R. M. (1968). Human memory – a proposed system, and its control processes. In K. Spence & J. Spence (Eds.), The psychology of learning and motivation – Advances in research and theory (Vol. 2, pp. 89–195). New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  2. Grabowski, B. (1996). Generative learning. Past, present, and future. In D. H. Jonassen (Ed.), Handbook of research for educational communications and technology (Project of the association for educational communications and technology, pp. 897–918). New York: Macimillian Library Reference.Google Scholar
  3. Luria, A. R. (1973). The working brain: An introduction to neuropsyrhology. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  4. Osborne, R. J., & Wittrock, M. C. (1983). Learning science: A generative process. Science Education, 67, 489–508.Google Scholar
  5. Wittrock, M. C. (1974). Learning as a generative process. Educational Psychologist, 11, 87–95.Google Scholar
  6. Wittrock, M. C. (1990). Generative processes of comprehension. Educational Psychologist, 24, 345–376.Google Scholar
  7. Wittrock, M. C. (1992). Generative learning processes of the brain. Educational Psychologist, 27, 531–541.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational ScienceUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany