Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Dual-Task Performance in Motor Learning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_1703
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Synonyms

Definition

Dual-task performance requires an individual to perform two tasks (i.e., Task A and Task B) simultaneously. Typically this type of performance is contrasted with single-task performance in which the individual only has to perform one task at a time (Task A or B).

Motor learning occurs when an individual demonstrates relatively enduring improvements in their capability to perform a motor task after practice.

Theoretical Background

Motor learning proceeds in stages. Historically, three stages of motor learning were proposed (Fitts and Posner 1967). The first stage was named the cognitive stage, the second the associative stage, and the third the autonomous stage. One of the reasons for naming the first stage the cognitive stage is that cognitive processes are highly involved in this stage of learning. In particular, attention to the instructions and to the demands of the motor task to be learned is crucial during this stage of learning. In contrast,...

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References

  1. Fitts, P. M., & Posner, M. I. (1967). Human performance. Belmont: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  2. Kahneman, D. (1973). Attention and effort. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCentre de recherche de l’institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal, Université du Québec à MontréalMontréalCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyCenter for Research in Human Development, Concordia UniversityMontréalCanada