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Epistemic curiosity is the desire to obtain new knowledge (e.g., concepts, ideas, and facts) expected to stimulate intellectual interest (I-type) or eliminate conditions of informational deprivation (D-type). I-type epistemic curiosity appears to be maximally activated when individuals recognize opportunities to discover something completely new, whereas D-type epistemic curiosity is optimally stimulated when people lack specific pieces of information they wish to incorporate into an existing knowledge-set. Once activated, the degree to which each type of epistemic curiosity is experienced and behaviorally expressed has been found to vary according to individual differences in I- and D-type epistemic curiosity personality traits (Litman 2008).
I- and D-type epistemic curiosity each corresponds to different orientations toward seeking new information. I-type epistemic curiosity involves focusing on the...
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