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Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Objectives

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Synonyms

Bloom’s domain; Bloom’s taxonomy of learning domains; Classification of levels of intellectual behavior in learning; The classification of educational objectives; The taxonomy of educational objectives

Definition

Taxonomy means a scientific process of classifying things and arranging them into groups. Learning objectives are statements of what a learner is expected to know, understand, and/or be able to demonstrate after completion of a process of learning. In 1956, Benjamin S. Bloom (1913–1999) and a group of educational psychologists developed a hierarchy of educational objectives, which is generally referred to as Bloom’s Taxonomy, and which attempts to identify six levels within the cognitive domain, from the simplest to the most complex behavior, which includes knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Bloom’s Taxonomy refers to a classification of the different learning objectives that educators set for learners.

Theoretical Background

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References

  • Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: a revision of Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. In P. W. Airasian, K. A. Cruikshank, R. E. Mayer, P. R. Pintrich, J. Raths, & M. C. Wittrock (Eds.), A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: a revision of Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. New York: Longman.

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  • Bloom, B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: the classification of educational goals; Handbook I: Cognitive domain. In M. D. Engelhart, E. J. Furst, W. H. Hill, & D. R. Krathwohl (Eds.), Taxonomy of educational objectives: the classification of educational goals; Handbook I: Cognitive domain. New York: David McKay.

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  • Clark, D. (2009). Bloom’s taxonomy of learning domains. Retrieved from the Web on Dec 1, 2009: http://www.nwlink.com/~Donclark/hrd/bloom.html.

  • Krathwohl, D. R. (2002). A revision of bloom’s taxonomy: an overview. Theory into Practice, 41(4), 212–218.

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  • Krathwohl, D. R., Bloom, B. S., & Masia, B. B. (1964). Taxonomy of educational objectives: the classification of educational goals (Affective domain, Vol. Handbook II). New York: David McKay.

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Correspondence to Aytac Gogus .

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© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Gogus, A. (2012). Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Objectives. In: Seel, N.M. (eds) Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_141

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