Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Stress Test

  • Jet Veldhuijzen van Zanten
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_496

Synonyms

Definition

Laboratory mental stress tasks are commonly used in behavioral medicine to assess the physiological responses to a standardized stressor in a controlled setting (Turner, 1994).

Description

Even though originally it was thought that particularly exaggerated physiological responses to mental stress can be predictive of cardiovascular disease (Obrist, 1981), there is now growing evidence that blunted physiological responses can also be associated with poor health (Carroll, Lovallo, & Phillips, 2009). Other evidence is available that not the responses to mental stress itself, but the physiological recovery upon completion of the stress task can be related with the poor health outcomes (Larsen & Cristenfeld, 2011). There is a large body of research that explores the associations between psychological traits (e.g., competitiveness and hostility) as well as mental disorders (e.g., depression and...

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References and Readings

  1. Carroll, D., Lovallo, W. R., & Phillips, A. C. (2009). Are large physiological reactions to acute psychological stress always bad for health? Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 3, 725–743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Sport and Exercise SciencesThe University of BirminghamEdgbaston, BirminghamUK