Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Hostility, Cynical

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_255



Hostility is a relatively stable personality trait that is typically characterized as a multidimensional construct with significant affective (e.g., anger), cognitive (e.g., attitudes), and behavioral (e.g., aggression) components. Hostile individuals have a suspicious, mistrustful attitude and often disparaging view of others and generally have a cynical worldview of their environment and social interactions. Thus, this type of personality disposition is often referred to “cynical hostility.”

An expansive literature on personality and disease processes and health risks has developed over the past 50–60 years. Hostility has featured prominently in this literature, particularly with regard to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk (Miller, Smith, Turner, Guijarro, & Hallet, 1996; Everson-Rose & Lewis, 2005). Though some negative studies have been reported, on balance, the available evidence from methodologically strong,...

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References and Readings

  1. Barefoot, J. C., Dodge, K. A., Dahlstrom, W. G., Siegler, I. C., Anderson, N. B., & Williams, R. B., Jr. (1991). Hostility patterns and health implications: Correlates of Cook-Medley Hostility Scale scores in a national survey contact and ability to predict survival. Health Psychology, 10, 18–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA