Extrinsic Religiousness (Religiosity)
- Kevin S. MastersAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Colorado Email author
Extrinsic religiousness (initially and still sometimes referred to as extrinsic religiosity) is characterized as religion that primarily serves other more ultimate ends rather than central religious beliefs per se. Thus, individuals described by extrinsic religiousness use their religion to fulfill more basic needs such as social relations or personal comfort, but “the embraced creed is lightly held or else selectively shaped to fit more primary needs” (Allport & Ross, 1967, p. 434).
Extrinsic religiousness was first described by Gordon Allport and colleagues in the 1960s (see Allport & Ross, 1967) when investigating the possible reasons for discrepant findings in the area of religiousness and prejudice. At that time, some studies demonstrated that religiousness was positively associated with prejudice, whereas other studies found the opposite. Allport hypothesized that one’s religious orientation, or sentiment, may provide guidance in sorting o ...
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- Extrinsic Religiousness (Religiosity)
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine
- pp 744-746
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- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, New York
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- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Behavioral Medicine Research Center, Department of Psychology, University of Miami
- 2. Cardiovascular Safety, Quintiles
- Dr. Kevin S. Masters (15821)
- Author Affiliations
- 15821. Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Denver, 80217-3364, CO, USA
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