Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Incineration Technologies

  • Alfons Buekens
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_92

Definition of the Subject

Waste incineration is the art of completely combusting waste, while maintaining or reducing emission levels below current emission standards and, when possible, recovering energy, as well as eventual combustion residues. Essential features are as follows: achieving a deep reduction in waste volume; obtaining a compact and sterile residue, yet treating a voluminous flow of flue gas while deeply eliminating a wide array of pollutants.

Destruction by fire is almost as old as humanity. Incineration was systematically applied at some locations, both in England and the USA, from the second half of the nineteenth century [1, 2, 3, 4]. Furnaces widely differed in conception, yet were still poked and de-ashed manually. A successful furnace design was the cell furnace, composed of a series of juxtaposed combustion cells with a fixed grate, or also with two superposed retractable grates [4, 5, 6]. In 1895, the first large continental incinerator was mounted in Hamburg [7...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vrije Universiteit Brussel, VUBBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Zhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina