Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

pp 7847-7865

PHEVs and BEVs in Coupled Power and Transportation Systems

  • Mladen KezunovicAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University Email author 
  • , S. Travis WallerAffiliated withDepartment of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin

Definition

With the price of oil peaking in the recent past close to the once unimaginable $150 per barrel and the threat of global climate change increasingly acknowledged, the transportation sector is employing a number of new technologies that will enhance energy security by reducing the current dependency on oil-based fuels. Should the gasoline cost increase in the future, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) and Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) will become the economical choice for transportation. Widespread adoption of PHEVs/BEVs will also improve air quality and carbon footprint, since point source pollution is easier to control than mobile source pollution. This level of control is essential for effective implementation of carbon cap-and-trade markets, which should spur further innovation. In USA, sales of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have grown 80% each year since 20 ...

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