Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Atmosphere-Water Exchange

  • Bernd Jähne
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_644

Definition of the Subject

Gaseous and volatile chemical species reside not only in the atmosphere. Because they dissolve in water, they are also distributed in the hydrosphere . The by far largest part of the hydrosphere is the ocean. Therefore, the exchange between atmosphere and oceans is the most important process for the fate of gaseous and volatile chemical species (Table 1).
Atmosphere-Water Exchange. Table 1

Comparison of size (as depth in m over entire earth surface) and mass of atmosphere and global water storage

System

Depth (m)

Mass (1018 kg)

Oceans

2,624

1,382

Ice caps and glaciers

47

25

Total ground water

46

24

Lakes

0.35

0.18

Rivers

0.004

0.002

Atmosphere

8,000

5.3

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Environmental Physics and Heidelberg Collaboratory for Image Processing (HCI)University of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany