Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Crop Radiation Capture and Use Efficiency

  • Erik MurchieEmail author
  • Matthew Reynolds
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_171

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

The rate of growth (the rate of the accumulation of dry matter) of all plants is entirely dependent on the interception of energy (electromagnetic radiation ) from the sun in the wavelength range 400–700 nm. This energy is utilized by photosynthesis to synthesize carbohydrates and other biological molecules needed for essential plant processes.

The amount of energy intercepted or captured by the whole plant and community system (the canopy ) is determined by the organization of leaves into an efficient spatial structure with a large total surface area. The amount of radiation captured will determine the rate of photosynthesis possible and the rate of growth. However, the final growth rate is then determined by lossesin the system that originate from a number of sources, including the type of photosynthetic mechanism, metabolic and hydraulic constraints, the relationship between photosynthetic source and non-photosynthetic sink organ,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Plant and Crop Sciences, School of BiosciencesUniversity of NottinghamSutton BoningtonUK
  2. 2.International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT)Mexico DFMexico