Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Waste Materials in Construction, Utilization of

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_117

Definition of the Subject

Recycling has always been a matter of obtaining an economic benefit or of helping the environment. Until the Industrial Revolution when materials became more available than labor, reuse and recycling was commonplace. Nearly 4,000 years ago, there was a recovery and reuse system of bronze scrap in operation in Europe and there is evidence that composting was carried out in China. Since the industrial revolution, the waste production rate has grown greatly. The idea of landfills came about in the 1940s and 1950s. When these huge depositories became available, they were extremely popular because of the ease of tossing unused products away. No one anticipated that soon these landfills would multiply to the extent that they have.

Considering the enormous volume of construction work done annually and the huge amount of waste materials produced each year, the issue of reusing the waste materials in construction is gaining increased attention, which can be observed...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0846861. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering (CIE 201F)North Dakota State UniversityNorth – FargoUSA