Microscopic X-ray Fluorescence Analysis with Synchrotron Radiation Sources

  • F. Adams
  • B. Vekemans
  • G. Silversmit
  • B. De Samber
  • L. Vincze


This chapter deals with the analytical applications of synchrotron radiation sources for trace-level analysis of materials on microscopic and submicroscopic scales. Elemental analysis with X-ray fluorescence is described in detail. Two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) analyses are discussed in their quantitative aspects. Related methods of analysis based on absorption edge phenomena such as X-ray absorption spectrometry (XAS) and near-edge scanning spectrometry (XANES) yielding molecular information, computerized X-ray fluorescence microtomography (XFCT) based on the penetrative character of X-rays, and microscopic X-ray diffraction (XRD) providing structural data on the sample are also briefly discussed. The methodological treatment is illustrated with a number of applications.


Synchrotron Radiation Synchrotron Radiation Source European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Mass Absorption Coefficient Fluorescence Radiation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Auger emission spectrometry


Certified reference material


Detection limit


Energy dispersive


European Synchrotron Radiation Facility


Extended X-ray absorption fine structure


Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure


Phase contrast imaging


Reference material


Synchrotron radiation


Standard reference material


Total reflection X-ray fluorescence


X-ray absorption near edge structure


X-ray absorption spectrometry


X-ray diffraction microscopy


X-ray fluorescence computerized microtomography


X-ray photoelectron microscopy


X-ray photoelectron spectrometry


X-ray diffraction


X-ray fluorescence


  1. Adams F (2003) Nucl Instr and Meth B 199:375–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adams F (2008) Spectrochim Acta B 63:738–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adams F, Van Vaeck L, Barrett L (2005) Spectrochim Acta B 60:13–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bertsch PM, Hunter DB (2001) Chem Rev 101:1809–1842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bilderback DH, Hoffman SA, Thiel DJ (1994) Science 263:201–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brenker FE, Vincze L, Vekemans B, Nasdala L, Stachel T, Vollmer C, Kersten M, Somogyi A, Adams F, Joswig W, Harris JW (2005) Earth Planet Sci Lett 236:579–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brownlee D, Zolensky M (2006) Science 314:711–1716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. De Samber B, Silversmit G, Evens R, De Schamphelaere K, Janssen C, Masschaele B, Van Hoorebeke L, Balcaen L, Vanhaecke F, Falkenberg G, Vincze L (2008a) Anal Bioanal Chem 390:267–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. De Samber B, Evens R, De Schamphelaere K, Silversmit G, Masschaele B, Schoonjans T, Vekemans B, Janssen CR, Van Hoorebeke L, Szaloki I, Vanhaecke F, Falkenberg G, Vincze L (2008b) J Anal Atom Spectrom 23:829–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Elam WT, Ravel BD, Sieber JR (2002) Radiat Phys Chem 63:121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Falkenberg G, Clauss O, Swiderski A, Tschentscher T (2001) Nucl Instrum Meth A 467:737–740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Golossio B, Simionovici A, Somogye A, Lemelle L, Chukalina MJ (2003) Appl Phys 94:145–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Grime GW (1996) Nucl Instrum and Meth B 109:170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Janssens K, Vekemans B, Adams F, Van Espen P, Mutsaers P (1996) Nucl Instr and Meth B 109/110:179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Janssens KH, Adams FC, Rindby A (eds) (2000) Microscopic X-ray fluorescence analysis. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  16. Janssens K, Proost K, Falkenberg G (2004) Spectrochim Acta B 59(10–11):1637–1645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kang HC, Maser J, Stephenson GB, Liu C, Conley R, Macrander AT, Vogt S (2006) Phys Rev Lett 96:127401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kanngiesser B, Malzer W, Reiche I (2003) Nucl Instr and Meth Phys Res B 211:259–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lengerer B, Tummler J, Snigirev A, Snigireva I, Raven C (1998) J Appl Phys 84:11Google Scholar
  20. Ortega L, Comin F, Formosa V, Stierle A (1998) J Synchrotron Radiat 5:1064–1066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Potts PJ, Ellis AT, Holmes M, Kregsamer P, Streli C, West M, Wobrauchek P (2000) J Anal Atom Spectrom 15:1417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Revenko AG (2000) Ind Lab 66:637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Romanov A (2005) Tech Phys Lett 31(3):200–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Schroer CH (2001) Appl Phys Lett 79:1912–1914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schroer C, Kurapova O, Patommel J, Feldkamp J, Lengerer B, Burghammer M, Riekel C, Vincze L, Vanderhart A, Kuchler M (2005) Appl Phys Lett 87:124103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Schulze DG, Bertsch PM (1995) Adv Agron 55:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Silversmit G, Vekemans B, Brenker F, Schmitz S, Burghammer M, Riekel C, Vincze L (2009a) Anal Chem 81:6107–6112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Silversmit G, Vekemans B, Nikitenko S, Bras W, Czhech V, Zaray G, Szaloki I, Vincze L (2009b) J Synchrotron Radiat 16:237–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Smith JV (1995) Analyst 23:1231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Somogyi A, Janssens K, Vincze L, Vekemans B, Rindby A, Adams F (2000) Spectrochim Acta B Atom Spectrosc 55(1):75–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Somogyi A, Drakopoulos M, Vincze L, Vekemans B, Camerani C, Janssens K, Snigirev A, Adams F (2001) X-ray Spectrom 30:242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Somogyi A, Drakopoulos M, Vincze L, Vekemans B, Camerani C, Janssens K, Snigirev A, Adams F (2002) ESRF Highlights 2001:96Google Scholar
  33. Somogyi A, Drakopoulos M, Vekemans B, Vincze L, Simionovici A, Adams F (2003) Nucl Instr and Meth B 199:559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Streli C (2006) Appl Spectrosc Rev 41:473–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Streli C, Pepponi G, Wobrauschek P, Jokubonis C, Falkenberg G, Zaray G, Broekaert J, Fittschen U, Peschel B (2006) Spectrochim Acta B Atom Spectrosc 61:1129–1134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tougaard S (1997) Surf Interface Anal 25:137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Van Grieken RE, Markowicz A (eds) (2002) Handbook of X-ray spectrometry, 2nd edn. Dekker, New York, p 1016Google Scholar
  38. Vekemans B, Jensens K, Vincze L, Adams F, Van Espen P (1994) X-Ray Spectrom 23:278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Vekemans B, Vincze L, Somogyi A, Drakopoulos M, Kempenaers L, Simionovici A, Adams F (2003) Nucl Instr and Meth B 199:396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Vekemans B, Vincze L, Brenker FE, Adams F (2004) J Anal Atom spectrom 19:1302–1308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Vincze L, Janssens K, Vekemans B, Adams F (1999a) J Anal Atom Spectrom 14(3):529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Vincze L, Janssens K, Vekemans B, Adams F (1999b) Spectrochim Acta B Atom Spectrosc 54:1711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Vincze L, Janssens K, Vekemans B, Adams F (1999c) J Anal Atom Spectrom 14:529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Vincze L, Somogyi A, Osán J, Vekemans B, Török S, Janssens K, Adams F (2002a) Anal Chem 74:1128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Vincze L, Wei F, Proost K, Vekemans B, Janssens K, He Y, Yan Y, Falkenberg G (2002b) J Anal Atom Spectrom 17:177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Vincze L, Vekemans B, Brenker F, Rickers A, Somogyi A, Kersten M, Adams F (2004) Anal Chem 76:6786–6791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. West M, Ellis AT, Kregsamer P (2008) J Anal Atom Spectrom 23:1409–1437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wobrauschek P (2007) X-Ray Spectrom 36:289–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Adams
    • 1
  • B. Vekemans
    • 2
  • G. Silversmit
    • 2
  • B. De Samber
    • 2
  • L. Vincze
    • 2
  1. 1.Campus Drie EikenUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Analytical ChemistryGhent UniversityGentBelgium

Personalised recommendations