Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Iran: Heritage Preservation and Tourism

  • Azwin Azny Aksan
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1948

Introduction and Historical Background

This entry seeks to provide empirical evidence concerning heritage preservation in the Islamic Republic of Iran. A brief description of the country’s tourism industry is also presented as this relates to the cultural heritage.

Until 1935, Iran was historically referred to as Persia when Reza Shah Pahlavi formally announced to call the country by its native name, Iran. Under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, the current Islamic Republic of Iran was founded in 1979. Iran has an impressive history and fascinating culture. The Iranians are very proud of their culture and history. It is important to note that Iran is not an Arab country. Iran comes from the word “Aryan” with its official language being Farsi, an Indo-European language. Although Iran is portrayed in the media as a society of purely Islamic fundamentalists, the country is also comprised of people practicing other religions making it, in reality, a multicultural national entity.


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Further Reading

  1. Alavi, J. & M. Yasin. 2000. Iran’s tourism potential and market realities: an empirical approach to closing the gap. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing 9: 11-9.Google Scholar
  2. Asia-Pacific Database On Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH). n.d. Available at: http://www.accu.or.jp/ich/en/links/O_IRN1-more.html.
  3. ICHHTO - Iran's Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts And Tourism Organization. n.d. Available at: http://www.ichhto.org/.
  4. ICHO Headquarters, Teheran. n.d. Available at: http://www.iranmiras.ir.
  5. Information about Iran’s Foreign Investment Protection Law. n.d. Available at: http://www.irtp.com/howto/foreig/mb13.asp.
  6. Information about Iran and traveling to Iran. n.d. Available at: http://www.itto.org and http://www.chn.ir/Tourism/English/Index.asp.
  7. Iran Heritage. n.d. Available at: http://www.iran-heritage.org/articles/conspiracy.htm.
  8. Iran Tourism And Touring Organization (ITTO). n.d. Available at: http://www.itto.org.
  9. Iran World Heritage List. n.d. Available at: http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/doc/1extCOM-Comments/IRAN.pdf (accessed December 2010).
  10. Iran Heritage Foundation. n.d. Available at: http://www.iranheritage.org/.
  11. Irpedia. Available at: http://www.irpedia.com/iran /.
  12. Locations of stolen heritage. n.d. Available at: http://www.iran-heritage.org/aboutus/locations.htm.
  13. Sonmez, S. 1998. Tourism, terrorism risk and political instability. Annals of Tourism Research 25: 416-56.Google Scholar
  14. World Bank Advisor: Iran’s economic growth depends on expansion of private sector. 2004. Available at: www.payvand.com (accessed 3 March 2005).

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Recreation, Sport and TourismUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignChampaignUSA