Iran: Heritage Preservation and Tourism
Introduction and Historical Background
This entry seeks to provide empirical evidence concerning heritage preservation in the Islamic Republic of Iran. A brief description of the country’s tourism industry is also presented as this relates to the cultural heritage.
Until 1935, Iran was historically referred to as Persia when Reza Shah Pahlavi formally announced to call the country by its native name, Iran. Under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, the current Islamic Republic of Iran was founded in 1979. Iran has an impressive history and fascinating culture. The Iranians are very proud of their culture and history. It is important to note that Iran is not an Arab country. Iran comes from the word “Aryan” with its official language being Farsi, an Indo-European language. Although Iran is portrayed in the media as a society of purely Islamic fundamentalists, the country is also comprised of people practicing other religions making it, in reality, a multicultural national entity.
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