Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Boni, Giacomo

  • Jeffrey A. BeckerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1453

Basic Biographical Information

Giacomo Boni was born in Venice, Italy, on April 25, 1859. He studied architecture in Venice and worked there as an architect, but is best known for his excavations at Rome, especially those in and around the Forum Romanum undertaken from 1898 onward. He saw military service in World War I and resumed his fieldwork in 1916. He was appointed as a member of the Italian senate in 1923 and died in Rome, Italy, on July 10, 1925, and is interred in the Orti Farnesiani on the Palatine Hill.

Major Accomplishments

Boni’s excavations in Rome resulted in many significant archaeological discoveries and it is for this work that he is most well known; in fact, Boni was a pioneer in terms of excavation methodology. Boni’s stratigraphic excavations in the center of Rome were revolutionary, as no one had ever undertaken deep soundings at Rome that followed stratigraphic principles before (Ammerman 1990: 630). Indeed, Boni’s stratigraphic excavation was one of the first...

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References

  1. Ammerman, A. J. 1990. On the origins of the Forum Romanum. American Journal of Archaeology 94: 627–45.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Capodiferro, A. & P. Fortini. (ed.) 2003.Gli scavi di Giacomo Boni al foro Romano, Documenti dall’Archivio Disegni della Soprintendenza Archeologica di Roma I.1 (Planimetrie del Foro Romano, Gallerie Cesaree, Comizio, Niger Lapis, Pozzi repubblicani e medievali). (Documenti dall’archivio disegni della Soprintendenza Archeologica di Roma 1). Rome: Fondazione G. Boni-Flora Palatina.Google Scholar
  2. Coarelli, F. 1983–1985. Il Foro Romano. 2 v. Rome: Quasar.Google Scholar
  3. Coarelli, F.(ed.) 2004.Lexicon topographicum urbis Romae / Suppl. 2,1, Gli scavi di Roma: 1878-1921. Rome: Quasar.Google Scholar
  4. Consolato, S. 2006. Giacomo Boni, l’archeologo-vate della Terza Roma, in G. De Turris. Esoterismo e fascismo: storia, interpretazioni, documenti. Rome: Edizioni mediterranee.Google Scholar
  5. Gjerstad, E. 1953-1973. Early Rome. 6 v. Lund: C. W. K. Gleerup.Google Scholar
  6. Romanelli, P. 1970. Boni, Giacomo, in Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani: 75-77. Rome: Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana fondata da Giovanni Treccani.Google Scholar
  7. Steinby, E. M. (ed.) 1993-2000. Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae. 6 v. Rome: Quasar.Google Scholar
  8. Tea, E. 1932.Giacomo Boni nella Vita del suo tempo. 2 v. Milan: Ceschina.Google Scholar
  9. Whitehouse, D. 1996. Boni, Giacomo, in N. T. de Grummond (ed.) Encyclopedia of the history of classical archaeology, Volume 1: 171-2. Westport (CT): Greenwood Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ancient World Mapping CenterThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA