Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Historic Site and Historic Building Preservation: Overview

  • Daniel Schávelzon
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1378


The buildings and historic sites of Western culture are preserved according to this culture’s own values or values added following arbitrary selection by each society. The theories, methods, and techniques for taking these decisions arose with the Enlightenment and have varied over time and regions. After a peak in autonomy and growth in the twentieth century, a process has now arisen to homogenize meanings and preservation methods as part of the process of globalization. In particular, toward the end of the twentieth century, criteria were unified under the Venice Charter of 1964 (ICOMOS 1964), based on previous agreements articulated in the Athens Charter of 1931 (CIAM 1931), bringing about the creation of international bodies and universal standards, albeit respecting regional variants (Page & Mason 2004). As a result, local concepts of historical value have been lost in favor of more general ones acceptable to Western tourists and heritage professionals (e.g., De...

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Further Reading

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  2. Stubbs, J.H. & E.G. Makaš.(ed.) 2011. Architectural conservation in Europe and the Americas. Hoboken (NJ): John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  3. Tyler, N., T.J. Ligibel & I.R. Tyler.(ed.) 2009. Historic preservation: an introduction to its history, principles, and practice. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Urban ArchaeologyUniversity of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina