Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Canada: Cultural Heritage Management and First Nations

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1189


Canada is a large (9,984,670 sq. km) country with a population of approximately 34.5 million that includes 633 recognized First Nations; each of these aboriginal groups is distinctive with their specific cultural practices, language, and priorities. (Names are a problem and, in the case of Canadian Aboriginal people, have changed with the times. Although the Indian Act remains in force in Canada, the term “Indian” is widely disfavored by those whom the term is used to describe. “Native” (but not “Native Canadian”) and “Aboriginal” are occasionally used in self-reference, but “First Nations” and “First Peoples” are more commonly accepted at present. As there is no universally accepted term or definition, these four terms are used interchangeably in this entry.) The present relationship between cultural heritage management (of which archaeology constitutes a major component, and is the main focus here) and First Nations in Canada is multifaceted. It is useful to review the hi...

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The authors would like to thank the following individuals for providing their observations and reflections on the topic of cultural heritage management and First Nations in Canada: William Moss, Susan Rowley, Bruce Stewart, and Ron Williamson.


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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Golder Associates Ltd.BurnabyCanada