Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

2011 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Simon of Faversham

  • John L Longeway
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9729-4_467


Simon of Faversham, c. 1260–1306, was a commentator on Aristotle’s works, particularly in logic and on the soul. He taught at Oxford, primarily in the Arts, and although he took the degree in Theology and became Chancellor of the university, almost none of his work outside the Arts survives. His initial formation seems to have been Thomist, whom he follows in his Avicennan understanding of universals, but in his later writings he took issue with Aquinas on the real distinction, following Henry of Ghent, and absorbed much from Giles of Rome. Nonetheless, even in his later works, he takes distinctively Thomist positions in his Posterior Analytics commentary, favoring Thomas over Grosseteste and Giles of Rome on the nature of the highest sort of demonstration and the use of the fourth kind of per se statement in demonstration. These were major points of controversy, and Simon’s positions reflect the dominance of the Thomistic view of them in later Scholastic work.

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Primary Sources

  1. DeRijk Lambertus Marie (1968) On the genuine text of Peter of Spain’s Summule logicales. II: Simon of Faversham (d. 1306) as a commentator of the tracts I–V of the Summule. Vivarium 6:69–101Google Scholar
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Secondary Sources

  1. Simon of Faversham (2007). In: The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Longeway J, http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/simon-faversham/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L Longeway
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of WisconsinKenoshaUSA