Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

2011 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

al-Shahrazūrī, Muḥammad ibn Maḥmūd Shams al-Dīn

  • Emily J Cottrell
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9729-4_463

Abstract

Al-Shahrazūrī, (Muḥammad ibn Maḥmūd, Shams al-Dīn), the “Ishrāqī” (d. between 1288 and 1304) was a Muslim philosopher of the Ishrāqī (“Illuminationist”) school, strongly influenced by Neoplatonism. He is primarily known as the biographer and commentator of the Persian philosopher Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā b. Amirak Suhrawardī (1155–1191) known as the Shaykh al-Ishrāqī (the “Master of Illumination”). Ishrāqī philosophy follows an anti-Peripatetic path initiated in the twelfth century by Abū l-Barakāt al-Baġdādī and ‘Umar ibn Sahlān al-Sāwī, which has to be considered, in the post-Avicennian context, as a reaction to Avicenna’s philosophy. Al-Shahrazūrī organized the Ishrāqī philosophy into a new system that had not been elaborated by Suhrawardī, the founder of the school.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emily J Cottrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Département des Sciences de la Foi et des Religions, PhilosophieUniversité de FribourgFribourgSwitzerland