Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

2011 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Jacques Almain

  • Thomas M. Izbicki
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9729-4_252


Jacques Almain was one of the most prominent exponents of Conciliarism in the early sixteenth century. He studied the arts and theology at the University of Paris, receiving his doctorate in 1512. Almain wrote extensively on issues of philosophy and ethics. When the Council of Pisa met in 1512, it tried to depose Pope Julius II (1503–1513). When Cajetan attacked the council on the pope’s behalf, the university chose Almain to reply. His arguments were grounded in the belief that the church was able to act in its own defense, even against its visible head, the pope. Cajetan replied, but Almain did not live to respond in turn. He died unexpectedly in 1515. John Mair, his teacher, answered Cajetan instead, advocating conciliar supremacy in the church.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


Primary Sources

  1. Almain Jacques (1506) Embammata phisicalia seu embammata totius philosophiae naturalis. Jehan Petit, ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. Almain Jacques (1508) Consequentiae. Bernard Aubri, ParisGoogle Scholar
  3. Almain Jacques (1510) Moralia. Egidius de Gourmont, ParisGoogle Scholar
  4. Almain Jacques (1512) Libellus de auctoritate ecclesie seu sacrorum conciliorum eam representantium. Jehan Branion, ParisGoogle Scholar
  5. Almain Jacques (1516) In tertium sententiarum. Johannes Granion, ParisGoogle Scholar
  6. Almain Jacques (1518) Opuscula. Nicolaus de Pratis, Paris (Contains: Moralia In tertium sententiarum librum, De paenitentia, Expositio circa decisiones M. Guillermi Ockham super potestate summi pontificis, Libellus de auctoritate ecclesie, Vespersarum quaestio, Dictata super sententias magistri Roberti Holcot)Google Scholar
  7. Almain Jacques (1997a) A book concerning the authority of the church. In: Burns JH, Izbicki TM (ed and trans) Conciliarism and papalism. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  8. Almain Jacques (1997b) Question at Vespers. In: Kraye J (ed) Cambridge translations of renaissance philosophical texts, vol 2: political philosophy. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Burns JH (1991) Scholasticism: survival and revival. In: Burns JH, Goldie M (eds) The Cambridge history of political thought 1450–1700. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  2. Burns JH (1994) Jacques Almain on “Dominium”: a neglected text. In: Bakos AE (ed) Politics, ideology and the law in early modern Europe: essays in Honor of J. H. M. Salmon. University of Rochester Press, RochesterGoogle Scholar
  3. Izbicki TM (1999) Cajetan’s attack on parallel’s between church and state. CNS 29:81–89Google Scholar
  4. Kennedy, LA (1993) The philosophy of Robert Holcot, fourteenth-century skeptic. Edwin Mellen, LewistonGoogle Scholar
  5. Kraye J (1988) Moral philosophy. In: Schmitt CB, Skinner Q (eds) The Cambridge history of renaissance philosophy. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  6. Oakley F (1998) The absolute and ordained power of god in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century theology. J Hist Ideas 59:437–461Google Scholar
  7. Oakley F (2003) The conciliarist tradition: constitutionalism in the catholic church 1300–1870. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas M. Izbicki
    • 1
  1. 1.Alexander LibraryRutgers State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA