Encyclopedia of Geobiology

Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Gondwanaland, Formation

  • Joseph G. Meert
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_92


Gondwanaland or “Gondwana” is the name for the southern half of the Pangaean supercontinent that existed some 300 million years ago. Gondwanaland is composed of the major continental blocks of South America, Africa, Arabia, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India, Antarctica, and Australia (Figure 1). The name “Gondwana” is derived from a tribe in India (Gonds) and “wana” meaning “land of.” Gondwanaland is superficially divided into a western half (Africa and South America) and an eastern half (India, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Antarctica, and Australia).
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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph G. Meert
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA