Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Acid Rock Drainage

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_3


Acid mine drainage; AMD; ARD


Acid mine and acid rock drainage (AMD/ARD) refer to the extremely acidic (pH < 3), metal-rich waters that are derived from the weathering of sulfidic minerals when exposed to air, water, and microorganisms (Figure 1; Nordstrom and Alpers, 1999; Bond et al., 2000): Open image in new window


Acid Mine Drainage Ferric Iron Acidithiobacillus Ferrooxidans Permeable Reactive Barrier Iron Sulfide Formation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geography and Earth SciencesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada