Comparative Neuroscience studies the nervous and sensory systems of animals widely differing in regard to their position in the phylogenetic system and ranging from those at the basis of metazoan evolution (coelenterates) to those most highly developed (vertebrates) (Bullock and Horridge 1965). Taking evolution for granted, Comparative Neuroscience is interested in the structures and general principles underlying nervous processes and functions throughout the animal kingdom (Kandel et al. 2012). It is likewise interested in the particularities and diversity of animal species and taxa adapted to vastly differing life styles and habitats.
Comparative Neuroscienceis devoted to basic research and has always been a domain of zoology. Most basic mechanisms and structures at work in nervous systems have been first described in invertebrate and lower vertebrate animals like earthworms, squids, snails, horseshoe crabs, crayfish, and rays. Considering the limitations of...
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