Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Comparative Neuroscience

  • Friedrich G. BarthEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_239

Description

Comparative Neuroscience studies the nervous and sensory systems of animals widely differing in regard to their position in the phylogenetic system and ranging from those at the basis of metazoan evolution (coelenterates) to those most highly developed (vertebrates) (Bullock and Horridge 1965). Taking evolution for granted, Comparative Neuroscience is interested in the structures and general principles underlying nervous processes and functions throughout the animal kingdom (Kandel et al. 2012). It is likewise interested in the particularities and diversity of animal species and taxa adapted to vastly differing life styles and habitats.

Comparative Neuroscienceis devoted to basic research and has always been a domain of zoology. Most basic mechanisms and structures at work in nervous systems have been first described in invertebrate and lower vertebrate animals like earthworms, squids, snails, horseshoe crabs, crayfish, and rays. Considering the limitations of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bullock, T. H., Horridge, G. A. (1965) Structure and function in the nervous systems of invertebrates (Vols. I & II). San Francisco/London: W. H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  2. FENS, Federation of European Neuroscience Societies. http://www.fens.org.
  3. Journal of Comparative Neurology. J Wiley, ISSN 0021-9967.Google Scholar
  4. Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, sensory, neural and behavioral physiology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg ISSN print edition 0340-7594; Journal’s website www.springer.com/journal/00359.
  5. Kandel, E. R., Schwartz, J. H., & Jessell, T. M. (2012). Principles of neural science (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  6. Prete, F. R. (Ed.). (2004). Complex worlds from simpler nervous systems. Cambridge, MA/London: The MIT Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurobiology, Faculty of Life SciencesUniversity of ViennaWienAustria