Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Electronic Circuits in Computers

  • Alberto Delgado
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1480

Related Terms

Description

The development of electronics has a direct impact in computers; the first computing devices were mechanical with limitations in size and processing speed. With the invention of the transistor in 1947 and the integrated circuit in 1958 (Lee 2007), a new approach for computing devices was possible using the binary system for instructions and data in digital computers. Boolean logic is implemented in electronic circuits by using transistors on-off states as true-false (one-zero) logic.

Since the invention of the transistor (electronic switch in digital electronics), research has been focused on the integration of these building blocks into small chips; integration has reduced the size and cost of computers and other electronic devices (Branscomb 1982). The actual trend in microelectronics is known as Moore´s law: the number of transistors in an integrated circuit doubles every 18 months....

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References

  1. Branscomb, L. M. (1982). Electronics and computers: an overview. Science, 215(4534), 755–760.Google Scholar
  2. Lee, T. H. (2007). The pre-history of the integrated circuit: a random walk. IEEE Solid State Circuits Newsletter, 12(2), 16–22.Google Scholar
  3. Santo, B. (2009). Microchips that shook the world. IEEE Spectrum, 34–43.Google Scholar
  4. Strukov, D. B., Snider, G. S., Stewart, D. R., & Williams, R. S. (2008). The missing memristor found. Nature, 453, 80–83.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical and Electronics Engineering DepartmentNational University of ColombiaBogotaColombia