Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Electronic Circuits in Computers

  • Alberto Delgado
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1480

Related Terms


The development of electronics has a direct impact in computers; the first computing devices were mechanical with limitations in size and processing speed. With the invention of the transistor in 1947 and the integrated circuit in 1958 (Lee 2007), a new approach for computing devices was possible using the binary system for instructions and data in digital computers. Boolean logic is implemented in electronic circuits by using transistors on-off states as true-false (one-zero) logic.

Since the invention of the transistor (electronic switch in digital electronics), research has been focused on the integration of these building blocks into small chips; integration has reduced the size and cost of computers and other electronic devices (Branscomb 1982). The actual trend in microelectronics is known as Moore´s law: the number of transistors in an integrated circuit doubles every 18 months....

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical and Electronics Engineering DepartmentNational University of ColombiaBogotaColombia