Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Swallowtail Moths (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_4487
Swallowtail moths, family Uraniidae, comprise about 120 species from all tropical regions, mostly Indo-Australian (85 sp.); one species strays into the United States-Mexican border region (mainly in Texas). Two subfamilies are known: Microniinae, for the smaller mostly white species with very short tails (all Old World), and Uraniinae for the more well known larger and long-tailed species. The family is in the superfamily Uranioidea, in the section Cossina, subsection Bombycina, of the division Ditrysia. Adults medium to large (31–160 mm), with head somewhat roughened; haustellum naked; labial palpi often long with short apical segment; maxillary palpi small, 1-segmented; antennae often serrate and thickened. Wings triangular, with acute forewings (Fig. 157) and mostly tailed hindwings (margins of hindwings usually with some emarginations). Maculation usually dark browns to black, with green or pale striae, but some smaller species mostly white with very short tails on hindwings; one...
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References

  1. Dalla Torre KW von (1924) Uraniidae. In: Lepidopterorum catalogus, vol 30 [part]. W. Junk, Berlin, pp 1–57Google Scholar
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  5. Smith NG (1992) Reproductive behaviour and ecology of Urania (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae) moths and their larval food plants, Omphalea spp. (Euphorbiaceae). In: Quintero D, Aiello A (eds) Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica: selected studies. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 576–593Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA