Sphujidhvaja was apparently of Greek descent, and flourished in Western India under the patronage of the Kṣatrapa ruler Rudradāman II. He wrote the extensive genethlialogical manual entitled Yavanajātaka (Horoscopy of the Greeks) in AD 270, which shows the position and influence of the stars at one's birth. Towards the close of his work, Sphujidhvaja says that, before him, in AD 150, the great Greek genethlialogist Yavaneśvara redacted into Sanskrit prose a Greek astrological work, so that it could be studied by those who did not know Greek, and that he, Sphujidhvaja is composing a versified redaction of the work of Yavaneśvara. The work reveals Sphujidhvaja as a competent scholar, a master of Sanskrit versification, and an expert genethlialogist.
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